Megalithic rock-cut cave excavated in Kozhikode, Kerala

The State Archaeology Department in Kozhikode has unearthed what it calls a Megalithic era iron sword, a chisel and a few decorated pottery from a rock-cut cave at Pothuvachery in Kannur district.

Megalithic rock-cut cave excavated in Kozhikode, Kerala
The entrance to the rock-cut cave that was discovered at Mavilayi village,
12 km from Kannur city [Credit: The Hindu]

The 105-cm sword, said to be 2,500 years old, was found during a scientific clearance at the historical site.

“However, the discovery of the cave was fortuitous on the unpaved road side parallel leading to the Manikkiyil temple road in Mavilayi village, 12 km from Kannur city,” K. Krishnaraj of the Archaeology Department, who is supervising the project, said.

About a month ago, he said that local people had spotted a hole that had developed on the gravel road. They dug out a few pieces pottery from the hole and kept them in their possession. Only later did some of them inform about the hole and return the Megalithic artefacts to the Archaeology Department.

The semi-spherical shaped cave has a diameter of 2.5 metre and a height of 90 cm. The investigations would continue for a week, he said.

Mr. Krishnaraj said that the sword was not a rare one. “Previously, a sword was discovered from a similar rock-cut cave from a site at Kuruvattur in Kozhikode. The recovery of the implements revealed the technological advancement of the Megalithic people,” he said.

The materials would be shifted to the Pazhassi Raja Archaeological Museum at East Hill in Kozhikode soon, he said.

Source: The Hindu [September 05, 2019]

TANN

Archive

Grave with six skulls thought to be clan feud burial site

A grave in the Highlands could hold the victims of a violent clan feud, archaeologists have said. The male two skeletons surrounded by four skulls found at St Colman’s Church in Portmahomack are believed to date from the 15th Century. Archaeologists said one of them was a powerfully-built man. He has a fatal sword wound to his skull.

Grave with six skulls thought to be clan feud burial site
The burial plot which shows one of two skeletons surrounded by the four skulls
[Credit: FAS Heritage]

Radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis could reveal more information about the remains. Historically, the area of Easter Ross was the scene of a feud between the clans Ross and Mackay. During the late 15th Century St Colman’s Church was burnt down before a battle nearby between the MacKay and Ross clans. Archaeologists said it was likely the men in the six-headed burial were involved in the hostilities.
The skeletons and skulls were first excavated in 1997. Archaeologists from York-based Fieldwork Archaeological Services (FAS) and the University of Bradford have been examining the remains for several years as part of the Tarbat Medieval Burials project. They hope new analysis will unlock further details about the skeletons, and also the four other skulls.

Grave with six skulls thought to be clan feud burial site
Grave with six skulls thought to be clan feud burial site
A visualisation of the skeletons’ skulls: The one on the right shows a fatal sword wound that removed a portion
of the man’s face and a blade cut above his left eye which was inflicted around the time of death
[Credit: Visualising Heritage, University of Bradford]

The research so far has included a reconstruction of the face of the second man whose skeleton was found in the grave. Dr Cecily Spall, of FAS, told BBC Radio Scotland: «We are going to look at what they were eating in their lives, and try to identify where they might have been born. We are also going to get them analysed to see if any of their ancient DNA is preserved.»
She added: «Are these men related? Are they father and son, brothers, or are they clan chiefs who were related to each other, or are they rivals?»

Grave with six skulls thought to be clan feud burial site
A facial reconstruction has been produced of one of the men
 found in the grave [Credit: Face Lab]

Dr Shirley Curtis-Summers, of the University of Bradford, is leading the bones and dietary analysis of the skeletons.

Dr Jessica Liu and Dr Sarah Shrimpton at the Face Lab at Liverpool John Moores University produced the facial reconstruction.

Source: BBC News Website [September 05, 2019]

TANN

Archive