2019 August 12 Perseid Meteors over Slovakia Image Credit &…

2019 August 12

Perseid Meteors over Slovakia
Image Credit & Copyright: Petr Horálek

Explanation: Tonight is a good night to see meteors. Comet dust will rain down on planet Earth, streaking through dark skies during the peak of the annual Perseid Meteor Shower. The featured composite image was taken during last year’s Perseids from the Poloniny Dark Sky Park in Slovakia. The unusual building in the foreground is a planetarium on the grounds of Kolonica Observatory. Although the comet dust particles travel parallel to each other, the resulting shower meteors clearly seem to radiate from a single point on the sky in the eponymous constellation Perseus. The radiant effect is due to perspective, as the parallel tracks appear to converge at a distance, like train tracks. The Perseid Meteor Shower is expected to peak after midnight tonight, although unfortunately this year the sky will be brightened by a near full Moon.

∞ Source: apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap190812.html

HiPOD 12 August 2019: He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My CraterOur…

HiPOD 12 August 2019: He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Crater

Our objective is to monitor gullies in Heaviside Crater that have had significant seasonal frost activity in previous years. With this image, we can build a frost sequence over time. Are there also fresh deposits here?

ID: ESP_055020_1090
date: 22 April 2018
altitude: 247 km

NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

Two unlooted Mycenaean chamber tombs unearthed in southern Greece

The Greek Ministry of Culture announced on Sunday that archaeologists have discovered two ancient, unlooted chamber tombs dating from the Late Mycenaean period, (1400 – 1200 BC), near Nemea in the Peloponnese.

Two unlooted Mycenaean chamber tombs unearthed in southern Greece
Aerial view of the road and the chamber of the two tombs in the eastern part of the
Mycenaean cemetery at Aidonia, along with the tombs from the old excavation
[Credit: Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth]

The newly-found tombs at the Aidonia burial site include five full burials and the skeletons of fourteen individuals whose remains had been transferred there from other tombs. The finds will shed more light on the Mycenaean civilization, the Greek Culture Ministry announced.
Both chamber tombs provided an array clay pots and figurines to the discoverers, as well as other small objects. However, these findings are in rather sharp contrast with the burial sites from the early Mycenaean period (1600 – 1400 BC), which were excavated in Aidonia in previous years.

Two unlooted Mycenaean chamber tombs unearthed in southern Greece
Newly-discovered chamber tomb with fallen roof and two pits
[Credit: Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth]

These burial chambers contained table and storage vessels, as well as weapons and other objects which would hav belonged to high-status individuals. Still, the two newly-discovered Mycenaean chamber tombs at Aidonia pave the way to a better understanding of the development of the ancient settlement and its ties to neighbouring villages.
Located next to the vineyards of Nemea, Aidonia was a key settlement in the Mycenaean civilisation, which enjoyed its greatest period of flourishing from the 17th to the 12th century BC, the press statement noted.

Two unlooted Mycenaean chamber tombs unearthed in southern Greece
The dromos and sealed entrance of the newly excavated tomb
[Credit: Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth]

Excavation at the Aidonia burial site first began in the late 1970s, after the site containing tombs from 1700-1100 BC had already been extensively looted, most likely in 1976-77. The  Archaeological Service excavations which followed this, in 1978-1980, and 1986, under the direction of Kalliopi Krystalli-Votsi and Constantina Kaza, brought to light a total of twenty chamber tombs.
These consisted of gravesites carved into the rock, with three sections, including an access road (dromos), entrances and burial chambers. Few of the Aidonian chamber tombs were found unlooted during that dig, but one pit included a treasure trove of ancient jewellery.

Two unlooted Mycenaean chamber tombs unearthed in southern Greece
False-necked amphoras (stirrup jars) found in the tombs
[Credit: Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth]

The finds in a pit located inside one of these tombs even helped experts link them to a set of jewellery which was about to be sold in an auction house in New York in 1993 and was eventually repatriated, the ministry noted.
Ongoing archaeological activity in Aidonia has prompted the resumption of excavations to investigate tombs which were considered to be in danger of being looted.

Two unlooted Mycenaean chamber tombs unearthed in southern Greece
Stirrup jar found in the tombs [Credit: Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth]

The Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth launched a new, systematic research program in 2016, under the direction of Konstantinos Kissa, the Assistant Professor of Archaeology at the Universities of Graz, Austria and Trier, Germany. Kim Shelton, Director of the Nemea Centre of Archaeology, and Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, is also collaborating with Kissa in the research.

Their research has documented the existence of this additional cluster of tombs that had been missed in all the excavations carried out in previous years.

Author: Assil Giacheia | Source: Greek Reporter [August 12, 2019]

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