Trethevy Quoit Portal Dolmen, St. Cleer, Cornwall, 24.7.19.There’s no denying that Trethevy…

Trethevy Quoit Portal Dolmen, St. Cleer, Cornwall, 24.7.19.

There’s no denying that Trethevy Quoit is one of the most spectacular of the Cornwall quoits. Known also as ‘Giant’s House’, the hole in the front of the structure may well have been the real entrance to the chamber. Largely intact, the monument stands at 9ft high.

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Royalty theory to ‘brutally-killed’ Rosemarkie Man

A Pictish man who was «brutally killed» 1,400 years ago could have been royalty, say researchers. Archaeologists found the man’s skeleton buried in a recess of a cave at Rosemarkie in the Black Isle.

Royalty theory to 'brutally-killed' Rosemarkie Man
The Pictish man’s skeleton was discovered during a cave excavation in the Black Isle
[Credit: RoseMarkie Caves Project]

In 2017, scientists made a facial reconstruction of the man during a forensic examination of his remains, which found he had severe injuries. New analysis has shown he had a high-protein diet suggesting he ate foods enjoyed by people of high status.
The Pict was discovered in a cross-legged position with stones weighing down his limbs while his head had been battered multiple times. Analysis carried out on behalf of the Rosemarkie Caves Project now suggests he was a prominent member of the community, such as royalty or a chieftain. The findings show he had a high-protein diet, which researchers have few other examples of during that period.

Royalty theory to 'brutally-killed' Rosemarkie Man
A facial reconstruction of Rosemarkie Man was made in 2017
[Credit: Dundee University]

Simon Gunn, founder of the project, said: «He was a big, strong fella — built like a rugby player — very heavily built above the waist. It’s rather peculiar that he had a very high-protein diet throughout his life, to the extent that it’s as if he had been eating nothing but suckling pigs. He was a bit special, that could be royalty or a chieftain. Obviously he had a rather brutal death, but he was buried quite carefully in that cave.»
Mr Gunn added he was only aware of two examples of people in Scotland around that time having a similar diet. A bone sample sent for radiocarbon dating indicates that he died sometime between 430 and 630.

Royalty theory to 'brutally-killed' Rosemarkie Man
The cave in the Black Isle, Ross-shire where a pictish man was found
[Credit: Dundee University]

The man, known to archaeologists as Rosemarkie Man, stood at 5ft 6ins and was aged about 30 at the time of his death. His skeleton had no injuries other than those inflicted during his death. This suggests he was not a warrior or engaged in arduous labour.

Mr Gunn also said the cave burial could have been a way to place his body at an «entrance to the underworld» as part of a ritual.

Forensic anthropologist Dame Sue Black previously led a University of Dundee team in an examination of his injuries. The team concluded he suffered a brutal death.

Source: BBC News Website [July 24, 2019]

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Pottery related to unknown culture was found in Ecuador

Archaeologists of Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), Institute of Archeology and Ethnography SB RAS (Russia), Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL) (Ecuador), and Tohoku University (Japan) found shards of ceramic vessels referred to the cultural sediments of early periods of Real Alto site. Findings date back to 4640 — 4460 BC, this period borders with Valdivia, one of the oldest pottery-featured cultures in North and South America. A related article is published in Antiquity.

Pottery related to unknown culture was found in Ecuador
Shard of an ancient ceramic vessel from the insufficiently studied San Pedro complex
 found on Real Alto site, Ecuador [Credit: FEFU]

During the excavations at Real Alto site (Ecuador), Russian scientists found fragments of ceramic vessels at a depth of 75 cm to 1 meter. They belong to the insufficiently studied San Pedro complex. Radiocarbon analysis by mass spectrometer showed the pottery dates back to 4640-4460 BC. This period borders or coincides with the first stages of Valdivia culture, the worldwide famous ceramic figures, a kind of symbol of Ecuador, relates to. At the same time, fragments of San Pedro pottery differ from the Valdivian by decorative composition and way of its application.
The shards of San Pedro pottery correlate with fragments from Real Alto and other places of archaeological excavations retrieved in the 70s and 80s but attributed to no particular culture. Thus, the researchers received additional arguments to speak about new archaeological culture related to formative period. The one existed and developed simultaneously with Valdivia on the Pacific coast of Ecuador.

‘The mass emergence of pottery was a kind of technical breakthrough associated with many aspects of human life and the level of economic development in different parts of the globe. Ceramic vessels belonging to different cultures developed simultaneously confirm that our ancestors had evolved in terms of cultural diversity. It is curious that, despite the different vectors of human development, in the technological sense we were moving in the same direction.’ Alexander Popov said, Head of the Russian archeological expedition to Ecuador, Director of the Educational and Scientific Museum FEFU of the School of Arts and Humanities of Far Eastern Federal University.

Pottery related to unknown culture was found in Ecuador
The museum complex of Real Alto site, Ecuador
[Credit: FEFU]

According to the scientist, at the next stage of excavation, the research team will look for additional artifacts of new culture. Such findings may well help to determine conditions for the culture development with more preciseness.

Researchers believe that pottery fragments related to even more archaic time can be found in Ecuador, i.e., the more archaic cultural layer may exist. From that point, one will likely to find out whether pottery was invented in South America at the same time as in the other cultures of the globe or may it probably have been imported. The information will help to comprehend the processes of parallel development of people on the different sides of the Pacific Ocean and, in general, the multi-vector development of human communities.

FEFU researchers seek for common details and local options concerning the development of human civilization on opposite sides of the Pacific Ocean — in South America and East Asia. Scientists compare the adaptation of the ancient man to environmental changes that influenced the economic, domestic and other aspects of the population.

Previously FEFU archaeologists in Ecuador have found ancient human remains dating back to 6 to 10 thousand years old. The excavations were carried out in Atahualpa canton, the findings belong to the Las Vegas archeological culture of the Stone Age.

Source: Far Eastern Federal University [July 24, 2019]

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