Light Painting at Doll Tor Stone Circle, Derbyshire, 10.11.18.
Глория, заснятая с борта самолета в небе над Россией, 10 ноября 2018 днем
Гло́рия (лат. gloria — украшение; ореол) — оптическое явление в облаках.
Наблюдается на облаках, расположенных прямо напротив источника света. Наблюдатель должен находиться на горе или на самолёте, а источник света (Солнце или Луна) — за его спиной. Так же можно наблюдать на видео или фотографиях снятых с дистанционно пилотируемых летательных аппаратов.
Представляет собой цветные кольца света на облаке вокруг тени наблюдателя. Внутри находится голубоватое кольцо, снаружи — красноватое, далее кольца могут повторяться с меньшей интенсивностью. Угловой размер намного меньше, чем у радуги — 5…20°, в зависимости от размера капель в облаке.
Глория объясняется дифракцией света, ранее уже отражённого в капельках облака так, что он возвращается от облака в том же направлении, по которому падал, то есть к наблюдателю.
photographer videographer Rassim on November 10, 2018
In an airplane, somewhere of Russia, Ural region.
A glory is an optical phenomenon, resembling an iconic saint’s halo around the shadow of the observer’s head, caused by sunlight or (more rarely) moonlight interacting with the tiny water droplets that compose mist or clouds. The glory consists of one or more concentric, successively dimmer rings, each of which is red on the outside and bluish towards the centre. Due to its appearance, the phenomenon is sometimes mistaken for a circular rainbow, but the latter has a much larger diameter and is caused by different physical processes.
Glories arise due to wave interference of light internally refracted within small droplets.
New discoveries at the Bahra 1 site show that this settlement from the 6th millennium BC was more developed than any other site from this period known from the Gulf region.
|Building complex with the cultic structure [Credit: S. Lenarczyk]|
This year, the Kuwaiti-Polish Archaeological Mission headed by Prof. Piotr Bieliński from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw in co-operation with Dr Sultan al-Duweish, the Director of the Department of Museums and Archaeology, and Dr Hamid al-Mutairi, Head of Excavations and Surveying Sector, discovered at this site a structure that may be interpreted as a cultic building. The Kuwaiti-Polish Archaeological Mission informed of their discoveries during a press conference organized by the Polish Embassy in Kuwait.
The prehistoric settlement of Bahra 1 is the largest of uncovered sites associated with the Ubaid culture, known so far from the Arabian Peninsula. The Ubaid culture, which first developed in Mesopotamia had a truly global sphere of interaction – objects characteristic for this culture, such as painted pottery, have been found at a large territory stretching from Palestine to the coast of the UAE. This led to the creation of first cities in the following period. But the most important development of the Ubaid culture – a new, more complex type of social structure – is less visible in the archaeological record.
Excavations at Bahra 1 uncovered at least 10 structures in an area stretching for c. 180 m. They yielded over 16 thousand fragments of pottery fragments, most of which came from Mesopotamian Ubaid-type vessels. Now archaeologists have encountered another trace of the culture’s influence – this time in the form of a building that has a different ground plan than any other structure excavated so far at Bahra 1.
|An Ubaid period vessel from Bahra 1 [Credit: A. Reiche]|
“There are indications that this may be a building that had a cultic function – says Prof. Bieliński. – It combines elements characteristic for the local tradition with those of the Ubaid culture”, he explains.
If further research confirms these observations, this will be the oldest building of such function not just in Kuwait but in the whole Gulf region.
The current season was very fortunate for the Kuwaiti-Polish team, as it brought yet another discovery. In the vicinity of the „temple” excavations revealed a large fragment of an empty space surrounded by buildings.
“The size and regularity of this space bring to mind a plaza or village square. And this in turn indicates some sort of planning in the settlement’s spatial organization, which is very surprising at a site of such an early date”, Bieliński points out, adding that this is unheard of even at Ubaid-period sites in Mesopotamia.
The data from this year’s fieldwork at Bahra 1 will need to be studied before they can be scientifically published, but even now they confirm an impression voiced by many scientists researching the birth of civilization, that the roots of urban life, a model of life as we know it today, should be sought in the Ubaid period. The site of Bahra 1 shows that the inhabitants of the Kuwaiti desert were part of a large cultural and economic zone of influence that stretched from the Arabian Gulf shores to the Mediterranean coast.