Ancient burial site and monument found in England’s New Forest

Archaeologists and volunteers have found an important prehistoric burial site near Beaulieu dating back thousands of years.

Ancient burial site and monument found in England's New Forest
The urns contained cremated human bone and had been placed into small pits
[Credit: New Forest National Park Authority via BBC]

A community dig in a field at East End set out to investigate what they thought was a Bronze Age barrow which had been ploughed over and they were thrilled to find four cremation burial urns dating from that period around 3,000 years ago.

But as the excavation progressed further, the evidence began suggesting that the site might have been an important place for even older human activity which Bronze Age settlers then adapted.

New Forest National Park Authority Community Archaeologist James Brown said: ‘We were elated to find the urns – they were inverted in what we originally thought was the ditch around the barrow and one has a decorative band pattern on it that will help us to date them. These urns were domestic pots and contain cremated human bone placed into small pits. So we know this site was a place of memorial for people in the New Forest around 3,000 years ago.

‘But we didn’t find any evidence of the barrow’s mound or any burial activity in the middle as you might expect.’

He said the lack of evidence may be the result of the barrow being ploughed out, or destroyed by the later field boundary ditches that run through the middle. The site was fully metal-detected as part of the archaeological investigation with the only finds being modern metal work in the topsoil.

‘However, there was evidence of human activity below the level of the urns’, he said.

Ancient burial site and monument found in England's New Forest
Excavations on farmland in the New Forest are rare as it is mostly sites which are being developed
which offer opportunities for archaeological digs, according to the park authority
[Credit: New Forest National Park Authority via BBC]

‘We also found two Neolithic flints from around 5,000 years ago, one of which probably would have been attached to a wooden shaft and used as a spear. Geophysics scans showed that there may have been two entrances to the site. So the evidence is strongly hinting at a much earlier Neolithic monument that was then re-used in the Bronze Age.’

Volunteer Ian Richardson, from Poole, said the volunteers were fascinated to see what the site revealed.

‘It is always good to find something when the day has been spent moving mud and stone!’ he said. ‘You get in touch with the past and think the last person to pick that up was here thousands of years ago.’

National Park Senior Archaeologist Frank Green said: ‘The archaeologists will now analyse the urns and soil and use scientific techniques to date them, conserve them and hopefully display them in the New Forest. Ongoing work will attempt to try and fully understand what might prove to be an incredibly important part of the New Forest’s prehistoric past.’

Thanks to the Beaulieu Estate and the tenant farmer, the dig provided a rare chance to excavate on farmland in the New Forest. As the Forest doesn’t get built on as much as other parts of the country there are fewer opportunities for excavation while sites are being developed.

James said: ‘This often leads people to assume that the Forest didn’t see much early human activity – it’s probably there but we just don’t get the chance to see it. So the finds at this site are already adding to our knowledge in quite a substantial way of the story of people who have lived here in the past – the residents, their lives and how they exploited the Forest landscape.’

Source: New Forest National Park Authority [November 02, 2018]

TANN

Archive

Experience High-Res Science in First 8K Footage from Space

ISS – International Space Station logo.

Nov. 2, 2018

First 8K Video from Space – Ultra HD

Video above: Science gets scaled up with the first 8K ultra high definition (UHD) video from the International Space Station. Get closer to the in-space experience and see how the international partnership-powered human spaceflight is improving lives on Earth, while enabling humanity to explore the universe. Video Credit: NASA.

Fans of science in space now can experience fast-moving footage in even higher definition as NASA and ESA (European Space Agency) deliver the first 8K ultra high definition (UHD) video of astronauts living, working and conducting research from the International Space Station. The same engineers who sent high-definition (HD) cameras, 3D cameras, and a camera capable of recording 4K footage to the space station now have delivered a new camera capable of recording images with four times the resolution than previously offered.

The Helium 8K camera by RED, a digital cinema company, is capable of shooting at resolutions ranging from conventional HDTV up to 8K, specifically 8192 x 4320 pixels. By comparison, the average HD consumer television displays up to 1920 x 1080 pixels of resolution, and digital cinemas typically project in resolutions of 2K to 4K.

“This new footage showcases the story of human spaceflight in more vivid detail than ever before,” said Dylan Mathis, communications manager for the International Space Station Program at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. “The world of camera technology continues to progress, and seeing our planet in high fidelity is always welcome. We’re excited to see what imagery comes down in the future.”

Viewers can watch as crew members advance DNA sequencing in space with the BEST investigation, study dynamic forces between sediment particles with BCAT-CS, learn about genetic differences in space-grown and Earth-grown plants with Plant Habitat-1, observe low-speed water jets to improve combustion processes within engines with Atomization; and explore station facilities such as the MELFI, the Plant Habitat, the Life Support Rack, the JEM Airlock and the Canadarm2.

While the 4K camera brought beautiful footage of fluid behavior in the space station’s microgravity environment to the world, the new 8K video takes viewers through a variety of experiments and facilities aboard the orbiting outpost, which on Friday, Nov. 2 will celebrate the 18th anniversary of humans living continuously aboard and the 20th anniversary of the launch of the first two space station elements on Nov. 20 and Dec. 4, 1998, respectively. 

Delivered to the station in April aboard the 14th SpaceX cargo resupply mission through a Space Act Agreement between NASA and RED, this camera’s ability to record twice the pixels and at resolutions four times higher than the 4K camera brings science in orbit into the homes, laboratories and classrooms of everyone on Earth.

“We’re excited to embrace new technology that improves our ability to engage our audiences in space station research,” said David Brady, assistant program scientist for the International Space Station Program Science Office at Johnson. “Each improvement in imagery fidelity brings that person on Earth closer to the in-space experience, allowing them to see what human spaceflight is doing to improve their life, as well as enable humanity to explore the universe.”

The RED camera is the same brand used to record theatrical releases such as The Hobbit trilogy, Guardians of the Galaxy Volume 2, and television programs such as, Stranger Things, Maniac, and Lost in Space.

Image above: NASA astronaut Ricky Arnold does some filming on the International Space Station Oct. 3, 3018, with a Helium 8K camera, made by the digital cinema company RED. Image Credit: NASA.

Viewers can watch high-resolution footage from inside and outside the orbiting laboratory right on their computer screens. A screen capable of displaying 8K resolution is required for the full effect, but the imagery is shot at a higher fidelity and then down-converted, which results in higher-quality playback, even for viewers who do not have an 8K screen.   

Download the video in full resolution at: https://images.nasa.gov/details-First-8K-Video-from-Space.html

In addition to the new 8K video, NASA astronauts Andrew Feustel and Ricky Arnold and Russian space agency Roscosmos cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev recently took new images of the world’s unique orbital laboratory as they departed at the conclusion of their mission. The photos are available at: https://flic.kr/s/aHsmuLTSzb

Related links:

BEST: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=7687

BCAT-CS: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=7668

Plant Habitat-1: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=2032

Atomization: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=282

MELFI: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Facility.html?#id=56

Plant Habitat: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Facility.html?#id=2036

Life Support Rack: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Facility.html?#id=7751

JEM Airlock: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bNxZhrIrV78

Canadarm2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzE_i6h5NeI

Space Station Research and Technology: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/index.html

International Space Station (ISS): https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/index.html

Video (mentioned), Image (mentioned), Text, Credits: NASA/Karen Northon/Stephanie Schierholz/JSC/Dan Huot.

Best regards, Orbiter.chArchive link

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash

After years of meticulous work, a French archaeological team that has been excavating the eastern Roman baths in Jerash, unearthed several intact sculptures from the Graeco-Roman period.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

An event to showcase the sculptures was held on Wednesday, at the Visitor Centre in Jerash and attracted a large number of local and foreign stakeholders, including the French Ambassador to Jordan David Bartolloti, and the head of the Jerash Department of Antiquities Ziyad Ghuneimat.
In his speech, on behalf of Tourism Minister Lina Annab, Issa Gammoh, the secretary general of the ministry, said that several projects will be implemented next year to promote tourism in Jerash, such as revamping the Swam Souk as part of a project to connect the modern and the ancient Jerash, adding that today Jerash has around 250 tourist facilities.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

The statues that were found together (27 of them in all), in a very small area of the Great Eastern Baths will “enrich visits to Jerash and enhance knowledge about the culture and heritage of Jordan for visitors, especially students”, Gammoh told The Jordan Times on the sidelines of the event.
“We worked from 2016 until 2018 with a German, French and Jordanian team, and it was impossible without help from the French ministry of foreign affairs and the Gerda Henkel Foundation,” said Professor Thomas Weber-Karyotakis, head of the French team in Jerash.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

The statues represent Greek-Roman gods Aphrodite, a god of love, and Zeus, the supreme god of the Olympian pantheon, as well as muses sitting on thrones. The colossal figure of Aphrodite is made of Pentelic marble from the region of Athens, while the sculpture of Zeus was forged with marble from northern Greece, said Weber-Karyotakis.

Weber-Karyotakis added that the work of the team, lead by French scholar Thomas Lepaon and himself, was the continuation of research conducted by veteran archaeologist Jacques Seigna, who spent decades studying the rich cultural heritage of Jerash.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

The statue of Aphrodite has a five-line Greek inscription on the plinth, which said the figure was donated by a local priest named Demetrios, according to the German expert, who noted that the inscription also indicates the unusually exact date of dedication, around March 20, 154 AD.

The names of the muses in Graeco-Roman mythology are: Caliope, the muse of epic poetry; Clio, the muse of history; Erato, the muse of lyric poetry; Euterpe, the muse of music; Melpomene, the muse of tragedy; Polyhymnia, the muse of sacred poetry; Terpischore, the muse of dance and chorus; Thalia, the muse of comedy and idyll; and Urania, the muse of astronomy.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

This monumental bathing complex — one of the largest and best preserved in the entire Orient — was built in the second half of the 2nd century AD in the valley of the Chrysorrhoas Brook, and then enlarged towards the end of that century or at the beginning of the following under the Severan emperors, the scholar elaborated.

He added that the construction work carried out in Severan period mainly concerned a pillared hall with exedra, which was built “attached to the north of the original core of the bathing complex”.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

The scholar said that this hall was reminiscent of the “imperial halls” of the Asia Minor, was decorated with sculptures according to numerous statue bases, most of which had Greek inscriptions.
The aims of three excavations were to establish architectural connections between the bathing complex and the pillared hall and to find out more about the sculptural decoration scheme, Weber –Karyotakis said.

Unearthed Graeco-Roman statues unveiled in Jerash
Credit: The Jordan Times

“An important member of the team was the Italian restoration expert, Franco Sciorilli, who spent 24 years working on different projects in Jordan and the region,” Weber-Karyotakis said, adding that although he is one of a few foreign experts, “after decades of work in Jordan, he feels like a real Jordanian”.

Authors: Saeb Rawashdeh & Ahmed Bani Mustafa | Source: The Jordan Times [November 02, 2018]

TANN

Archive