These rock-cut chambers date back to the 3rd century BC. Most caves at Barabar consist of two chambers, carved entirely out of granite, with a highly polished internal surface and exciting echo effect. Reverberation continues for several seconds and initial sound is continuously changing.
Most likely the walls were polished exactly for attainment of this echo effect. Barabar Hill contains four caves, Karan Chaupar, Lomas Rishi, Sudama and Visva Zopri.
Coordinates: 25.0054 N 85.0628 E
Address: Asia, India, Bihar, Jehanabad district, 24 km north of Gaya
Age: Oldest cave – 261 BC
Alternate names: Barābār, Satgharva, Satgharwa, Haft Khan, Gorathgiri
Caves were discovered to Western world by Alexander Cunningham in 1868.
These caves seem to be mentioned in “Mahabharatha” under name “Gorathgiri” – the same place name has been identified on cliff inscriptions at Barabar as well.
More recent and famous work where these caves take significant role, is a novel by E.M.Forster “A Passage to India”.
Most likely Barabar caves were hewn in the monolithic granite cliff during the reign of the great Mauryan king Ashoka (Asoka) – at least inscriptions on the walls of caves tell that king Ashoka dedicated some cave chambers to Ajivika followers.
Name Satgharwa means “seven houses” – some consider that this refers to seven rooms in Barabar Caves, but some – that this refers to seven caves of this area – four in Barabar and three – in nearby Nagarjuni Hills.
The granitic (rather – quartzite gneiss) monolith of Barabar cliff north from the Punpun River near its mouth in Phalgu River resembles a dark, sinister submarine rising from the soil. It is located at the base of the 300 metres high Siddheshwar mountain – interesting place with a later Shiva Temple and remnants of fortification on its top and some ancient cliff carvings as well.
Barabar cliff is approximately 200 metres long and contains several very interesting monuments of history, notably – four rock-cut caves. These caves are hewn out in the very hard monolithic stone and only one – Lomas Rishi has masonry details at the entrance portal. Interesting peculiarity of caves is their highly polished surfaces (famous “Mauryan polish”) and high degree of symmetry – in fact it is not quite clear how people 2,200 years ago did this.
The Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India https://xissufotoday.space/2016/12/barabar-caves-india/
Interior of the Lomas Rishi Cave, looking towards inner sanctum
Stone Circle, a very strange construction in the area, probably later construction.
Barabar Caves, India.Read more https://xissufotoday.space/2016/12/barabar-caves-india/