In Italy found the world’s oldest seal

In Italy archeology found the ancient seal. According to experts, their age could be around 12 thousand years.

Scientists said that the ancient seals were made of bitumen, resembling resin. Despite this, he had a more dense structure, which is in an inert state by strength was the same stone. Even then, to install the seals used metal tools.


Ancient fillings perform the same function as the modern. Due to the fact that they are embedded in the teeth in a molten form, they are also densely covered with enamel, not perceiving the external stimuli to nerve endings.

The specific chemical composition were also allowed to get rid of the risk of developing infections in the oral cavity. An archaeologist from the University of Bologna Stefano Benassi noted that this finding is special, as discovered fillings different from the ancient counterparts.

They can hardly use it now since the installation process itself was very painful. Previously the world’s oldest fillings have been artifacts found in Slovenia. Their age was approximately 6.5 thousand years.

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The Viking settlement was found under the Church

In Norway, archaeologists using laser scanning technology to explore an ancient Viking settlement under the Church of the Holy king. The Viking settlement, a very ancient according to scholars, was discovered by archaeologists under the Church.


Last year researchers found a Church in Trondheim, Norway. It was in this Church, the Viking king Olaf Haraldsson was erected in the face of the saints. The experts found the stone base of the wooden Church, where, perhaps, the relics of the king after his death and canonization in the XI century.

Haraldsson Olaf or Olaf II Norwegian, is the patron Saint of the country, so the opening of the Church was a significant event in Norwegian archaeology.

The second stage of excavations of the Church began in February 2017 and is still ongoing. Under the ruins of a wooden Church, which was built around the year 1015, there were found fragments of an older Church and the remains of an ancient settlement.

Excavation Director Anna Petersen said that this place was once flooded by the waters of the river Nidelva, so the fragments of an ancient settlement of the iron age was hiding under a thick layer of sand.

To explore the ancient Church and a settlement, the specialists intend to make a three-dimensional computer model of the excavation site, to explore the area with a laser to make detailed pictures, and then disassemble the Church of the XI-th century for access to more ancient buildings.

In the future, now is the excavation plan to open a full exhibition and present a three-dimensional model of the dismantled Church of all interested visitors.

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